Only good behaviour, submission to rules or faith into another inexplicable bigger entity, such as magic, witchcraft or religion, could prevent societies to be touched by monsters.
The othering of monsters – or monsters as estranged from an imagined “us” – is part of the cultural narrative that dismisses the complexity of what we call humans, contributing to the binary division between good and bad, silencing all of which exists in-between…
The procedure, which is currently available albeit not specifically regulated under Polish law, is opposed by the Catholic Church which does not recognise artificial methods of procreation.
Due to this moral objection the Polish Church in its multiple statements and attempts to influence Polish MPs entered a political battle aimed at the introduction of an absolute ban on access to IVF regardless of a person's religious convictions.
Examples are numerous: from more radical methods of control, such as abortion bans or control of assisted reproduction, to much milder options such as requirements of maternity clinic control in order to be eligible for maternity social benefits. Not surprisingly, the area of legislation pertaining to reproduction also falls close to the core of beliefs of many institutionalised religions.
It focuses on the notion of 'politicised religion' in order to understand the position of the Church in Poland as a semi-political organisation and its impact on processes of democratic deliberation.
The objectives of the article are not to criticise the Church's stance on the matter of IVF or to argue in favour of IVF as a form of advancing female liberty.
Religious and philosophical beliefs strongly influence approaches to women's reproductive rights around the globe.
Where liberal approaches see women's rights, religions often see the domain of their traditional control.
And without doubt many if not the majority of people will give the religious aspect an important role in their reproductive choices.